By Michael Scott-Baumann
This booklet explores and analyzes the background of clash within the heart East from British rule within the early 20th century to the Iraq conflict within the twenty-first century. The Arab-Israeli clash is the main target of this booklet however it additionally examines: Arab nationalism, specially in Egypt and Syria; the Islamic revolution in Iran in 1979; the factors and effects of 3 wars regarding Iraq; the expansion of political Islam and Islamic fundamentalism within the heart East.
Throughout the e-book, key dates, phrases and matters are highlighted, and historic interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are incorporated to consolidate wisdom and figuring out of the interval, and exam-style questions and suggestions written by means of examiners give you the chance to increase examination talents.
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Additional info for Access to History. Crisis in the Middle East: Israel and the Arab States 1945-2007
Respect for the right of every state in the area ‘to live in peace within secure and recognised boundaries, free from threats or acts of force’. The Resolution supported the Arabs on the issue of land and supported Israel on the issue of peace and security. Egypt and Jordan accepted the Resolution, effectively recognising Israel’s right to exist. Israel held up the ‘three noes’ of the Arab conference in August as proof that the Arabs did not really want a peace settlement, but the Israeli government eventually accepted the resolution.
Israeli forces invaded Egypt: 29 October 1956 British and French bombed Egyptian airﬁelds: 31 October 1956 UN ceaseﬁre and Anglo-French withdrawal from Egypt: 6 November 1956 would use force. The Israelis were still a long way from the Canal and they agreed but the Egyptians refused to withdraw from the Canal because it was Egyptian territory. On 31 October, British and French planes bombed Egyptian airﬁelds and destroyed most of their air force. They also bombed Port Said, the city at the northern end of the Canal (see the photograph above).
This is the popular, heroic interpretation, which is still largely taught in Israeli schools today. It is mostly based on fact but on selectively chosen facts. In the past 20 years historians have gained access to and analysed Israeli government documents from the time of the war. Several Israeli historians, such as Avi Shlaim and Benny Morris, have produced a new, revisionist interpretation of how Israel won. This new, revisionist history focuses on two main areas: on 28 | Crisis in the Middle East: Israel and the Arab States 1945–2007 the military balance between the two sides and on the war aims of the Arabs.
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