By Roos Haer
This ebook examines even if ameliorations within the organizational constitution of armed teams form styles of human rights violations in civil wars.
Since the top of worldwide struggle II, civil wars were characterised via tremendous excessive numbers of civilian casualties. although, the precise volume of civilian agony varies throughout time, clash, and geographic zone. lately, a brand new strand of analysis has emerged, essentially concerned about learning the dynamics underlying the adaptation in civilian abuse via analyzing the features of the armed teams and the way those features impression the armed teams’ behaviour in the direction of the civilian inhabitants.
With connection with principal-agent concept and information at the organizational constitution of greater than 70 armed teams energetic all over the world from 1989 onwards, the author’s research capabilities either at the point of the armed crew and at the point of the person through own interviews with warring parties.
Offering a different perception into how elements resembling recruitment equipment, hierarchy and organizational dedication may perhaps have an effect on the possibility of civilian abuse by means of warring parties, this ebook should be of a lot curiosity to scholars of political violence, civil wars, battle and clash experiences, protection stories and IR in general.
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Additional resources for Armed Group Structure and Violence in Civil Wars: The Organizational Dynamics of Civilian Killing
And Barry R. Weingast. 1992. ” American Journal of Political Science 36(2): 509–524. Brehm, John and Scott Gates. 1994. Working, Shirking, and Sabotage. Bureaucratic Response to a Democratic Public. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press. Brooks, Risa. 2000. Institutions at the Domestic and International Nexus: The PoliticalMilitary origins of Strategic Integration, Military Effectiveness and War. , University of California, San Diego. Brown, Robert L. 2010. ” The Review of International Organizations 5(2): 141–175.
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In other words, their argument was that members of armed groups (terrorist or not) are born and not made by the surrounding social and political conditions and group processes (Gill 2007: 151). For example, Hacker’s (1976) classification of individual terrorists included one classification, deemed “Crazies,” who were propelled to engage in terrorist violence because of mental illness. For Pearce (1977), militants were sociopaths. His analysis centered on convicted terrorists’ tattoos. Cooper (1978) and Tanay (1987) also argued that terrorists possess either psychopathic or sociopathic personalities and that the acts of terrorists are merely psychopathic tendencies hidden behind political rhetoric to provide the militant with an excuse (see Gill 2012 for an excellent and more detailed overview on the linkage between personality traits and terrorist recruitment).
Armed Group Structure and Violence in Civil Wars: The Organizational Dynamics of Civilian Killing by Roos Haer
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