Read e-book online Gutenberg in Shanghai: Chinese Print Capitalism, 1876-1937 PDF

By Christopher Reed

ISBN-10: 0774810408

ISBN-13: 9780774810401

Within the mid-1910s, what historians name the "Golden Age of chinese language Capitalism" all started, followed through a technological transformation that integrated the drastic growth of China’s "Gutenberg revolution." Gutenberg in Shanghai is a superb exam of this strategy. It reveals the origins of that revolution within the country’s printing industries of the past due imperial interval and analyzes their next improvement within the Republican era.Under assorted social, political, and fiscal impacts, this technological and cultural revolution observed woodblock printing changed with Western mechanical approaches. This booklet, which is determined by files formerly unavailable to either Western and chinese language researchers, demonstrates how Western expertise and evolving conventional values led to the start of a special type of print capitalism whose impact on chinese language tradition used to be far-reaching and irreversible. Its end contests scholarly arguments that view China’s technological improvement as slowed by way of tradition, or that interpret chinese language modernity as mere cultural continuity.A very important reevaluation of chinese language modernity, Gutenberg in Shanghai will entice students of chinese language background. Likewise, it is going to be enthusiastically got by way of experts in cultural experiences, political technology, sociology, the heritage of the booklet, and the anthropology of technology and expertise.

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Download PDF by Christopher Reed: Gutenberg in Shanghai: Chinese Print Capitalism, 1876-1937

Within the mid-1910s, what historians name the "Golden Age of chinese language Capitalism" all started, followed via a technological transformation that incorporated the drastic enlargement of China’s "Gutenberg revolution. " Gutenberg in Shanghai is an excellent exam of this approach. It unearths the origins of that revolution within the country’s printing industries of the overdue imperial interval and analyzes their next improvement within the Republican period.

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Basing his presentation on his printing experiences among Chinese populations at the British colonies of Malacca and Singapore and the Dutch one of Batavia (Jakarta), Medhurst compared the costs of the three different printing options then available (xylography, lithography, and letterpress) for missionary publishers wishing to produce 2,000 copies of a large book such as a Chinese Bible in octavo. Medhurst concluded that the cost of xylographic printing would have been £1,900 and that three years would have been needed to complete the job.

Third, openness to Carter’s argument eventually led Chinese writers to accept the view that technological advance, led by those who invented and paid for it, as well as by those who built and worked machines, was an important part of national development with key moral lessons to be learned by all. These changing images of Gutenberg, influenced by varying Chinese habits, needs, and choices, suggest a parallel with the history of China’s adaptation of his technological legacy. Among civilian technologies of the nineteenth 15 16 Introduction century, printing presses of the sort that Chinese of the 1930s believed could be traced to Gutenberg had arrived in China with a variety of more recent technologies.

Convinced, and even inspired, by Carter’s argument that the source of one of the distinguishing technologies of Europe’s modern period lay in China, the Chinese now began to lay emphasis on their country’s central place in world technological history in general and, more specifically, in printing history. In 1927, for example, a well-known Shanghai journalist named Ge Gongzhen (1890-1935) issued China’s first modern history of journalism under the imprint of the Commercial Press. Ge’s work displayed some of the defensive posturing typical of this period.

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Gutenberg in Shanghai: Chinese Print Capitalism, 1876-1937 by Christopher Reed


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